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The AR upper receiver assembly is a critical component of the AR-15 rifle, serving as the platform for various parts that make up the upper half of the firearm. This assembly typically includes:

1. Upper Receiver: The upper receiver is the main housing unit that contains the bolt carrier group (BCG), charging handle, and barrel. It provides the attachment point for the handguard, barrel, and other accessories.

2. Barrel: The barrel is the long metal tube through which the bullet travels when fired. It determines factors such as accuracy, range, and bullet velocity. Barrels come in different lengths, materials (such as stainless steel or chrome-lined), and calibers.

3. Bolt Carrier Group (BCG): The BCG is a group of components including the bolt, bolt carrier, gas key, firing pin, and cam pin. It is responsible for loading, firing, and extracting cartridges. The BCG operates within the upper receiver and is critical to the rifle's function.

4. Charging Handle: The charging handle is used to manually chamber a round, clear malfunctions, and perform other maintenance tasks. It is located at the rear of the upper receiver and is typically pulled rearward to cycle the action.

5. Handguard/Rail System: The handguard is a protective covering for the barrel that also serves as a mounting platform for accessories such as optics, lights, grips, and lasers. Modern handguards often feature a rail system (Picatinny or M-LOK) for easy attachment of accessories.

6. Gas System: In gas-operated AR platforms, the upper assembly includes the gas block, gas tube, and associated components. This system regulates the flow of gas from the barrel to cycle the action.

7. Muzzle Device: The muzzle device is attached to the end of the barrel and serves various purposes, including reducing recoil, muzzle rise, and flash signature. Common types include flash hiders, compensators, and muzzle brakes.

8. Sights or Optics: Some upper assemblies come with iron sights, while others are designed for mounting optics such as scopes or red dot sights.

Overall, the AR upper receiver assembly is a modular system that allows for customization and adaptation to various shooting applications, whether it's hunting, target shooting, or tactical use. Each component plays a vital role in the rifle's performance and reliability.

Upper Parts

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